Residence is a common term in election laws. It has always been mentioned because it relates to one of the qualifications of a candidate. Residence is the place where one lives and where he or she has his dwelling for rest and comfort. Domicile is different in the sense that it is a more permanent place of abode. Domicile was defined as a place which denotes the fact of residing or physical presence in a fixed place where there is an intention to return there permanently (Romualdez-Marcos vs. Comelec, September 18, 1995). It is the place where one is absent, he intends to return. Residence on the other hand, is the place where when the purpose for which the resident stays there has been fulfilled, he or she leaves. Under the Local Government Code, a candidate who files his or her certificate of candidacy, must be a resident of the place where he or she proposes to be elected for at least one year. Because of this provision, some candidates have been opposing the candidacy of other candidates on this ground alone. In one familiar case, an actor filed his certificate of candidacy for member, House of Representatives in Leyte.